Miami Minimally Invasive Valves
Joseph Lamelas, MD
Dedicated to the Advancement of Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery
August 11, 2013
Minimally Invasive repair of Sinus Venosus ASD

I had always thought that this pathology required a full sternotomy, until now. This patient has a sinus venosus ASD with drainage of the right superior pulmonary veins into the SVC and a secundum ASD.  A minimally invasive option was proposed. I percutaneously placed a 16 FR arterial cannula into the right IJ after drapping the patient. Femoral  arterial and venous cannulation were also performed in the routine fashion. The incision in the chest is that of a double valve incision. It is a mini-thoracotomy incision  in the 2-3rd ICS and approximately 6cm in length (This is the same exact incision that I use for my mini aortic cases). Once on bypass, I encircled both the SVC and IVC with vessel loops. I also pull the femoral venous cannula into the IVC before snarring both cava’s. As you can see in the pictures, the incision starts over the SVC and extends onto the right atrium.  Once in the atrium, a baffle is created with pericardium, directing the right SPV blood flow into the left atrium via the ASD. Then to avoid stenosis of the SVC a pericardial patch is utilized to close the right atriotomy.  I have enclosed pictures.

I have another case exactly like this in 2 weeks.  DSCN6800DSCN6802DSCN6805DSCN6811DSCN6814DSCN6821I will let you know if I encounter anything different.

4 thoughts on “Minimally Invasive repair of Sinus Venosus ASD”

  1. Joe, great case! Do you think it’s absolutely necessary to snare the IVC if it cannot be reached? Do you think it’s sufficient just to pull the femoral venous line into the abdomen? Thanks again for posting!

    1. That’s a good point. I have never tried it. I am sure it will work if the perfusionist does not difficulty with air.

  2. Dr Md Patwary says:

    Sir , Why Rt IJ arterial canula needed? Without it this procedure is possible?

    1. I use a 16 Fr Edwards arterial cannula or a 17 Fr Biomedicus arterial cannula.
      I utilize these with a percutaneous approach only with sinus venosus ASD’s. When I perform a mini ASD repair, I will place a pump suction into the SVC after I perform a right atriotomy.

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